Bunions have natural, environmental causes
If you have a pain in the inside of your foot that is accompanied by a large mass next to your big toe, you may be suffering from a bunion. A bunion is a bony outcropping on the inside of the foot that over time forces your big toe to move toward the second toe on your foot. Bunions can occur on either foot or both feet, and in many people become incredibly painful. However, you do not just wake up with a bunion overnight. There are many factors that can cause a bunion to form.
One of the most common causes of bunions is something that is entirely avoidable. Ill-fitting footwear is a main culprit of this painful problem. Shoes that are too tight tend to compress the foot. Since people wear shoes daily, and many times for hours a day, the constant pressure and pushing can make a bunion slowly begin to form.
Another cause of bunions is something that cannot necessarily be avoided: heredity. Many people are genetically predisposed to bunions, and some children are even noted to have them appear during their formative years as their bodies grow closer to adult size. These are called congenital bunions. While they are not caused by footwear, they can be seriously aggravated by the types of shoes that are worn.
Other types of stresses and medical condition can also make a bunion form, including arthritis that affects the feet. Arthritis, even when treated, can cause joints such as the one located at the base of the big toe to become malformed, and result in a bunion.
The causes of bunions are varied, and so are treatments. Many companies sell braces that fit around the foot, particularly at night, and straighten the toe and its attached joint to relieve some pressure. However, these types of treatments are only temporary and serve to relieve pain. They do little to “cure” the malformation caused by the bunion.
Over the years a bunion left totally untreated and unresolved will slowly force the big toe closer to the second toe. In many people, the toes can begin to overlap, causing extreme discomfort and making it incredibly difficult to find shoes that fit. Many orthopedic surgeons will at some point attempt surgery to correct the issues caused by a bunion. Surgical procedures work in most cases, yet the patient must still take care in the type of footwear he or she selects from then on.
A bunion is not an unresolvable problem, and in a majority of cases it is not a problem that is destined to happen. While congenital bunions do occur, these cases are in the minority. Wear correctly fitting footwear in order to help save your feet from the pain caused by a bunion, and seek treatment before the problem gets out of hand if you are one of the unfortunate many to suffer from a bunion’s pain.